Compromiso estudiantil y experiencia colegial como mediadores de las relaciones entre el apoyo institucional y el performance académico

Johnny Amora, Marc Sherwin Ochoco, Raymond Charles Anicete

Resumen


El rendimiento académico es uno de los indicadores del aprendizaje. Representa el grado que un estudiante, el profesor o la institución han alcanzado en parte sus objetivos educativos. Es esencial por parte de los estudiantes ya que el nivel de éxito que ellos alcancen a partir de la escuela/universidad tiene implicaciones profundas en su vida personal y profesional (Christiana, 2014). El rendimiento escolar de los estudiantes impacta en la elección de sus carreras, en su ingreso personal y en su nivel de éxito, así como en el grado de participación en la vida comunitaria (Christiana, 2014; Grainen, 1995). El presente estudio propone un modelo de mediación múltiple para examinar las interrelaciones entre el rendimiento académico y sus antecedentes, tales como el apoyo institucional, el compromiso estudiantil y la experiencia colegial a través de la aplicación del modelo de mediación estadística triple. En particular, se trata de investigar si la relación entre el apoyo institucional y el rendimiento académico está mediada secuencialmente por el compromiso estudiantil y la experiencia colegial. Usando el modelo de ecuación de varianza-base estructural se alcanza a analizar un conjunto de 687 estudiantes de colegio de una institución lasaliana en Filipinas. El resultado revela que las variables están interrelacionadas de tal modo que la relación entre el apoyo institucional y el funcionamiento académico es mediada secuencialmente por el compromiso estudiantil y la experiencia colegial. Sin embargo, el análisis de los datos debido al efecto específico de la mediación revela que la experiencia colegial sí ayuda a mediar mientras que el compromiso estudiantil no es mediador entre las relaciones entre el apoyo institucional y el rendimiento académico.

 


Palabras clave


rendimiento académico; apoyo institucional; compromiso estudiantil; experiencia colegial; modelo de mediación múltiple

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